Ben joined Tula in 2017, bringing research and development experience in both simulation and testing of advanced combustion engines and electric vehicle propulsion systems. Ben’s contributions to Tula include using simulation and analysis to evaluate and improve Tula’s powertrain technologies throughout the development process. This includes developing a system-level optimization scheme to select the optimum Dynamic Motor Drive (DMD) pulse amplitude while maintaining production-quality noise, vibration and harshness. He also conducts early-stage analysis of all customer applications to determine DMD’s potential to reduce energy consumption. Prior to joining Tula, Ben worked as a Postdoctoral Appointee at Sandia National Laboratories where he investigated how in-cylinder generated fuel reformate and low-temperature plasma ignition impact combustion processes.